In traditional Anishinawbek culture, sickness was believed to be caused by bad spirits invading a person’s body. Sometimes those spirits were sent by an evil shaman. That was believed to usually be the case when bear spirits were found in or around a victim. Such spirits were called “bearwalkers” because they resembled bears in appearance and even in the way they walked. A powerful shaman, able to transform into an animal being, was needed to battle and drive away bearwalkers and other demons. Here we see a transformed Spirit Healer (Shaman) using a spear against a bearwalker. The Great Spirit looks on.